• My stay
Printer-friendly version

Current Size: 100%

Bastide of Montgeard

The royal bastide of Montgeard is an unmissable historical place, which owes its birth to the Cathar tragedy and further developed during the golden age of woad. You will be amazed by this village which has retained all its ancient charm.

Montgeard, the crossroad of destines

Like many neighboring villages, Montgeard is a bastide a “new town”created at the end of the Crusade against the Albigensians (1203-1229)

King of France, Philippe V Le Long, created Montgeard in 1317 and gave it a vocation of demographic and commercial focus.


Montgeard owes its expansion to the woad trade. This “blue gold”is a tinctorial plant intensly cultivated in the LauragaisCountry during the 15th and 16th centuries.

After hard work, the leaves of woad gave a beautiful indelible blue colour, formerly used to make the clothes of middle-class and noble persons.

Exported everywhere in Europe: Italy, Spain, England, Netherlands… woad made the fortune of many traders in the Lauragais.

From this splendorous time, many inheritances have survived in Montgeard, such as the imposing houses and the church, financed in part by rich pastelier traders.


By walking through the alleys of Montgeard, you will discover the “Castle”, in reality a very beautiful mansion of the Renaissance (1555), built by the Lord of the village, Guillaume Durand.

The social rise of the Durand family was exceptional: from simple landowners, they became until the French Revolution, the Lords of the village, by buying the rights to the Countess of Lauragais, Catherine de Médicis.


From the castle, you will see the splendid church Notre Dame, which still houses today the tombs of the great pasteliers traders who made this church the privileged place of their devotion.


The church also has magnificent keystones, some of which can be classified among the best realizations of Toulousian sculpture during the first half of the sixteenth century.


You will be charmed by the narrow alleys of the bastide, the pretty terracotta brick houses and the authentic atmosphere of this country village.


Montgeard is located 1.5 km south of Nailloux, on D19.

The church is open every day and the castle can be visited by appointment.


Learn more 

Montgeard the crossroad of destinies.

List of the unmissables